Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of visual impairment in working-age adults worldwide. Duration of diabetes is a major risk factor associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy. Due to the disproportionately large number of patients with type 2 diabetes, this group comprises a larger proportion of the disease burden in patients with visual impairment from diabetic retinopathy compared to patients with type 1 diabetes.
Women who develop gestational diabetes don’t usually need an eye exam because they don’t develop diabetic eye disease during pregnancy. If you have any questions, ask your doctor.